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Monday, February 25, 2008

Cisco Placement Paper

Company Profile

Cisco Systems is the worldwide leader in networking for the Internet. Cisco provides end-to-end networking solutions. Cisco sells its products in approximately 115 countries .Cisco is one of America's greatest corporate success stories. Since shipping its first product in 1986, the company has grown into a global market leader that holds No. 1 or No. 2 market share in virtually every market segment in which it participates. Since becoming a public company in 1990, Cisco's annual revenues have increased from $69 million in that year to $12.2 billion in fiscal 1999. As measured by market capitalization, Cisco is among the largest in the world.


1. Written Test
2. Technical Interview
3. HR Interview

Written text consist of
1.Aptitude- 20Q
2.C - 30Q
3.Networking - 20Q
4.JAVA - 20Q (optional)

5.OS - 20Q
Here Java section is optional,To clear the written test just be thorough with C. Concentrate more on Pointers. Sorry, I could not remember the questions other than these,

Interview Procedure :
The written test is followed by a lengthy technical interview. The interview may last up to 1 hour or more. It is entirely technical with questions on all basic fundamentals.


Basic Digital Section

1. In order to find out stack fault of a three input nand gate how many necessary input vectors are needed ?

2. What is parity generation ?

3. A nand gate becomes ___ gate when used with negative logic ?

4. What is the advantage of cmos over nmos ?

5. What is the advantage of syncronous circuits over asynchronous circuits ?

6. What is the function of ALE in 8085 ?

7. A voice signal sample is stored as one byte. Frequency range is 16 Hz to 20 Hz. What is the memorysize required to store 4 minutes voice signal?

8. What will the controller do before interrupting CPU?

9. In a normalised floating point representation, mantissa is represented using 24 bits and exponent with 8 bits using signed representation. What is range ?

10. The stack uses which policy out of the following-- LIFO, FIFO, Round Robin or none of these ?

11. Where will be the actual address of the subroutine is placed for vectored interrupts?

12. Give the equivalent Gray code reprasentation of AC2H.

13.What is the memory space required if two unsigned 8 bit numbers are multiplied ?

14. The vector address of RST 7.5 in 8085 processor is _______.

Ans. 003C (multiply 7.5 by 8 and convert to hex)

15. Subtract the following hexadecimal numbers--- 8416 - 2A16

16. Add the following BCD numbers--- 1001 and 0100

17. How much time does a serial link of 64 Kbps take to transmit a picture with 540 pixels.

18. Give the output when the input of a D-flip flop is tied to the output through the XOR gate.

19. Simplify the expression AB + A( B + C ) + B ( B + C )

20. Determine the logic gate to implement the foolowing terms--ABC, A+B+C

21. Implement the NOR gate as an inverter.

22. What is the effect of temperature on the Icb in a transistor

23. What is the bit storage capacity of a ROM with a 512*4 organisation?

24. What is the reason of the refresh operation in dynamic RAM's ?

25. Suppose that the D input of a flip flop changes from low to high in the middle of a clock pulse.Describe what happens if the flip flop is a positive edge triggered type?

26. How many flip flops are required to produce a divide by 32 device ?

27. An active HIGH input S-R latch has a 1 on the S input and a 0 on the R input. What state is the latch in?

28. Implement the logic equation Y = C^BA^ + CB^A + CBA with a multiplexer. (where C^ stands for C complement)

29.Equivalent Gray code reprasentation of AC2H.

30. What does a PLL consist of ?


1. The starting location of an array is 1000. If the array[1..5/...4] is stored in row major order, what is the location of element [4,3]. Each word occupies 4 bytes.

2. In a tertiary tree, which has three childs for every node, if the number of internal nodes are N, then the total number of leaf nodes are

3. Explain the term "locality of reference" ?

4. What is the language used for Artificial Intelligence

Ans: lisp

5. What is the character set used in JAVA 2.0 ?

Ans: Unicode

6. char a =0xAA ;
int b ;
b = (int) a ;
b = b >> 4 ;

What is the output of the above program segment ?

7. struct s1 { struct { struct { int x; } s2 } s3 }y;
How does one access x in the above given structure definition ?

8. Why there is no recursion in Fortran ?

Ans. There is no dynamic allocation.

9. What is the worst case complexity of Quick sort?

Ans. O(n2)

10. What will be sequence of operating system activities when an interrupt occurs ?

11. In a sequential search, what is the average number of comparisons it takes to search through n elements ?

Ans: (n+1)/2.

12. What is the size of the array declared as double * X[5] ?

Ans. 5 * sizeof ( double * )

13. A binary search tree with node information as 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 is given. Write the result obtained on preorder traversal of the binary search tree ?

Ans : 53124768

14. If size of the physical memory is 232-1, then what is the size of the virtual
memory ?

15. S -> A0B
A-> BB|0
B-> AA|1
How many strings of length 5 are possible with the above productions?

16. (3*4096+15*256+3*16+3). How many 1's are there in the binary representation of the result ?

Ans. 10

17. In memory mapped I/O how is I/O is accessed ?

18. What is the use of ALE in 8085 ?

Ans To latch the lower byte of the address.

19. If the logical memory of 8 X 1024 is mapped into 32 frames, then the number of bits for the logical address are____ ?

Ans. 13

20. Context free grammar is useful for which purpose ?

21. In ternary number representation, numbers are represented as 0,1,-1.(Here -1 is represented as 1 bar.) How is 352/9 represented in ternary number representation?

22. There are processes which take 4,1,8,1 machine cycles respectively. If these are executed in round robin fashion with a time quantum of 1, what is the time it take for process 4 to complete ?

Ans. 9

23. The minimum frequency of operation is specified for every processor because......
a)for interfacing slow peripherals
b)dynamic memory refreshing.
c)to make compatible with other processor.

24. For linked list implementation , which search is not applicable ?

Ans: Binary search.

25. Each character is represented by 7 bits, 1 bit is used to represent error bit and another bit for parity. If total number of bits transmitted is 1200 bits, then what is the number of symbols that can be transmitted ?

Ans: 133

26. Explain set associativity of cache ?

27. Write the postfix form of the following expression .

28. What is the function of the linker?

29. void f(int y)
struct s *ptr;
ptr = malloc (sizeof (struct)+99*sizeof(int));

struct s{
int i;
float p;

when free (ptr) is executed, then what will happen?

30. To concatenate two linked lists strings, the order is O(1) is obtained for what kind of list?

31 main()

{ fork();





How many times it will print hello?

32 char A[5,6] How many bytes it requires?

33 Bridges are used in which layer?

34 .Bigendian means

a)lower byte stored in lower address

b)lower byte stored in higher address

one of these is correct.u can verify in Any micro processor book.

35 main()

{ j=0






what is the value of i & j at the end of the loop

ans: 10,46

35 Regular expression with 2 consecutive 1's and all string of 0's and 1's

36 dead lock conditions 1 question

37 selective repeat widow size of sender & receiver 1 question.

38 Balanced trees 1 question


The written test consists of 50 questions in 60 minutes there may be different sets.

1-6 on quantitative problems very easy on basics
7-11 on general English a passage will be given and 4 sentences will be given as ans whether the data is sufficient, not sufficient, correct conclusion, full information not given.
12-22 picture reasoning such as guess the fifth one from the four figures
23-30 missing letters in a sequence of letters very easy.
31-40 two reasoning questions r given with some q below
41-50 some quantitative problems,3 qs on linux pl/sql ,c lang r given


1. ALL basics they asked me
2. Binary sort explain line by line
3. Insertion sort how does it differ from binary sort explain line by line (they provide rough sheets)
4. OSI layers and functions
5. Microcroprocessors
6. Tress, program on insertion of node in single linked list
7. Pre order, inorder,post order explain with examples
8. Sliding window protocol explain
9. Write the of a c program for printing numbers into words such as 123 (one hundred and twenty three)
10. About my project fully explained and its applications and some qs on that
11. Why cisco
12. What u know abt cisco

It has taken 1 hr 15 min to complete the techinal round And in hr its simple no qs for me they will explain abt the company.


50 questions,

20-general aptitude


10-networks and c.

duration -1hr

1) 28 shake hands were exchanged in a meeting, each person shakes hands with every other person only once.How many people were present in the meeting?

a. 14

b. 8

c. 56

d. i dont remember.

2) There are 27 balls with one ball of heavier weight than the other balls. wats the minimum number of weighs that can be made to determine the heavier ball?

a. 13

b. 4

c. 3

d. 2

3) Booksellors B1 B2 B3 and there are 5 secretaries S1, S2, S3, S4 and S5. A team must made with 2 boss, 3 secretaries by satisifying certain conditions.

- B1and S1 cannot be togather.

- S1 and S4 cannot be togather.

- B1 and B3 cannot be togather.

- S1 abd S3 cannot be togather.

Who MUST be present to make the team.

a. S1

b. B1

c. S4

d. B2

few more aptitude questions like these...

4) The one that converts a high level language code to object form is

a. Compiler

b. Interpreter.

c. xxx

d. xxx

5) The routing is done at which layer?

a. network

b. Data link

c. transport.

d. application layer.

6) adding of 1111 and 1101 requires a

a. one FA and One Ha

b. three FA

c. Three FA and One HA

d. none of these.

7) Manchester code does

a. i dont remember options.

8) Zenier diode is a

a. current regulator.

b. voltage ....

c. Power regulator

d. Voltage regulator.

9) Lightning occurs in every 6 seconds, how many will occur in 3/4 in 1 hour.(question not framed properly)

many electronic related questions...

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